One of the greatest festivals for which the ancient town of Ile-Ife is known is the Olojo festival. Every year a whole month is devoted to it. It is time to reflect on the socio-cultural lives of the people of the old Ife who constitute the kingdom and have also contributed immensely to the historic values of the Yoruba heritage.

In a statement made available to The Nation, Mr. Akin Adejuwon, one of the directors of the festival said that on 21st, there will be a street carnival.

Entitled Gbajure, the carnival will take the people round designated routes and streets within the precincts of Ife town. Some of the important sons and daughters of the ancient historic town will be in attendance.

This is essentially to give clout and credence to the glorious outing. Usually it is the glow of the people that add vibes and colours to the carnival. Already some of these important personalities have begun to arrive Ife in readiness for the grandiose epic gathering. On 25th there will be a colloquium. This colloquium became an important segment of this show to enable scholars, culture technocrats, administrators, activists and advocates to brainstorm and determine how best to ensure that Olojo and other related cultural festivals do not lose focus.

The contributions of these eggheads will add more values to the ideas already on ground and then proffer more ingredients to be added to the festival to make it richer, bigger and more attractive. Adejuwon, a former Director of the National Troupe of Nigeria is of the opinion that the outcome of the colloquium will be documented for further references for future use.

Ideas germinate. Ideas propel an issue and ignite new moves to help civilization. Therefore all ideas to be tabled and discussed there will be totally taken into cognizance for the sake of culture in Nigeria.

Olojo needs to go places. It needs to lead while others follow. That is the basic concept and idea. On 27th and 28th, the main events will then happen. On these days the Ooni, Oba Adeyeye Ogunwusi will be in place to receive the people.She was the 21st Ooni. She took over the throne after the demise of Ooni Giesi, and she was succeeded by Ooni Lumobi. Her reign was said to be filled with terror and fear, especially by the men.

The female folks in Ife lost the opportunity of being crowned a king again just because of the wickedness perpetrated by Luwoo while seated on the well-revered throne. She was said to be so hard to please that she did not walk on the bare floor.

According to palace sources, Luwoo walks on tiles, clay tiles.

Ile Ife (Nigeria)

The residue of the tiles she walked on while she reigned is still available in Ife and other Yoruba land she visited while on the throne because the tiles are unique. The female Ooni was a beautiful and sophisticated queen who took pride in her physical appearance and that of her surroundings.

Queen Luwoo was said not to spare the menfolk when they offend her or her constituted authority. She was noted to ride erring men as horses for violating her laws. For her highhandedness, the council of obas in Ife convened and vowed after her demise not to make a female the Ooni of Ife again as they saw Queen Luwoo as being uncontrollable by them.

Although, history has not been kind to her because it was thought that men had always occupied the esteemed stool. She became the mother of Adekola Telu, the founder of Iwo town. Due to the fact she did not enjoy walking on bare soil, she commissioned the creation of uncommon pavements now owned by the Ife Museum and various open-air courtyards paved with shreds of pottery to adorn her environment and any other Yoruba town she paid a visit to.

This was also used to punish lawbreakers as the paved the streets of Ile-Ife with quartz pebbles and broken pottery. The miscreants were commanded to bake the clay, and later on use their bare hands to break it into pieces and afterwards lay it on the floor for the queen to walk on. Ooni Luwoo though given negative labels by her council of chiefs still assisted her son Adekola Tolu to create the city of Iwo, which resulted in making him the first Oluwo of Iwo.

As much as Onisibi is known as a traditional dance, it is actually more than a dance as it includes In the yeara royal palace in Ogbomoso, South-west Nigeria announced that its resident tortoise, Alagba died following a Sign up to our newsletter. Do not change these fields following. Latest Trending. Teni Out With Quarantine Playlist 54 mins ago.

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World Confirmed.The town lies at the intersection of roads from Ibadan 40 miles [64 km] westIleshaand Ondo. It is one of the larger centres and probably the oldest town of the Yoruba people. Considered by the Yoruba to be a holy city and the legendary birthplace of humankind, it was held to have been founded by a son of the deity Oduduwa and was certainly the capital of a well-established kingdom probably named for Ifa, the god of divination by the early 11th century.

Ife had great political and cultural influence over the Edo kingdom of Benin to the southeast. Although Benin City and Old Oyo Katunga became the seats of political kingdoms more important than Ife, the town remained the chief religious centre for the Yoruba. When Alaafin Awole tried to raid Ife territory for slaves init brought severe internal resistance and the series of wars that led to the collapse of the Oyo empire.

Although Ife managed to avoid the attacks by the Muslim Fulani that struck other parts of Yorubaland, it was weakened in the s through struggles for control of the internal slave trade with Owu, to the southwest. After Ife declared war against Ibadan, its forces were repulsed when they attacked Modakeke.

Shortly afterward a combined army from Ibadan and Modakeke nearly destroyed Ife. The palace compound is also the site of the Ife Museumwhich contains a collection of cire-perdue bronze castings and terra-cotta sculptures that was partly acquired by the German archaeologist Leo Frobenius in and subsequently expanded through excavations at the Wunmonije compound —39 and at nearby Ita Yemoo Obafemi Awolowo University formerly the University of Ife was founded inwith classes beginning the following year.

Institutes of education operating a mobile library service and physical education are also centred in the town and affiliated with the university. Ile-Ife is the seat of the Historical Society of Nigeria and has several teacher-training colleges.

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In Ife was the site of the inaugural Conference of the Society of the Descendants of Oduduwa, a group of Yoruba nationalists who formed the core of the Action Group, a national political party. Ile-Ife is a major collecting point for cocoa and cotton grown in the surrounding area.

Palm oil and kernels, yamscassava manioccorn maizepumpkinsand kola nuts are cultivated for local markets. Article Media. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. Ile-Ife Nigeria. See Article History. Read More on This Topic. The Yoruba peoples inhabit a large part of southwestern Nigeria. Their art traditions are of considerable antiquity. Excavations at Ife,….

tortoise in ile ife

Get exclusive access to content from our First Edition with your subscription. Subscribe today. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:.Eriwo ya! We greet you all in the name of Olodumare, Orunmila and all other Orisa. Ifa has promised us all fortunes this year. This year, people should have patience and not be in haste to acquire things.

Ifa says we should make ebo to have good things. With patience after making the ebo, all fortunes will be acquired. The items of ebo are 4 pigeons, honey, gin, pap, kola nuts and money. Ifa said people will benefit greatly from travelling out of their respective towns or countries this year.

Many people will find their fortunes of riches, spouses, children, works and so on outside their towns or Place of birth.

Ebo should be made with 4 pigeons, gin, honey and money. For those who are longing for children, they need to appease Obatala. To remove cases of miscarriage, it is necessary to make ebo against enemies. Also, it is better to stop shouting at pregnant women to prevent shock that might lead to miscarriage. Also that doing the ebo of this verse will make If practitioners victorious in their endeavours this year.

Ebo should be made with 4 snails, kola nuts, 3 cocks, a big rat, palm oil and money. After the ebo, Obatala will be appeased with the snails. To catch thieves, Ogun should be appeased and three gun shots made during the appeasement. To prevent shame, people should refrain from stealing.

The ebo to make here include a dog or 3 roosters, yam, beans, palm oil and palm wine. After the ebo, Ogun will be appeased. Iwo ka Emi ka Kananranjangbon! Temi se le depe?The Ooni of Ife is seen as the most supreme or paramount sovereign in Ile Ife, which is regarded as the source of the Yoruba race. Generally, he is recognised by his subjects as their spiritual leader and Chief Custodian of traditions.

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The Ooni dynasties can be traced back to hundreds of years and it was perceived that men have always occupied the revered stool. There was no date to give an exact clue to how long she was on the thrown for. Because Nigerian ancient history was mostly passed down through oral tradition, transcribed lists of the previous Oonis differ and sometimes, contradict each other.

Ooni Luwo Gbagida was crowned spiritual leader, and chief custodian of the source of the Yoruba race around CE. Though she was once the most paramount sovereign of Yoruba land, history has not been kind to her legacy.

She was the first and only female to take the crown as Ooni after the demise of Ooni Giesi. It is reported that the female Ooni was a beautiful and sophisticated queen who took pride in her physical appearance and that of her surroundings.

She was also known to be the one to commission unique Yoruba custom of construction of decorative pavements; open-air courtyards paved the pottery shreds. She was also known to commission the unique Yoruba custom of construction of decorative pavements and open-air courtyards paved with pottery shreds.


The streets of Ile-Ife were paved with quartz pebbles and broken pottery as punishment for anyone who committed an offence.

The offenders were ordered to bake the clay, and afterwards use their bare hands to break it into pieces and then lay it on the floor for the queen to walk on.


She was so sophisticated and finicky that she refused to walk on the bare floor, and some of the hand-made clay tiles she walked on while she reigned are still available in parts of Ife and other parts of Yoruba land she visited while on the throne.

Ooni Luwo Gbagida was said to hate injustice and cheating, she was just and punished erring townspeople accordingly, she was very hardworking and expected the best possible contribution from everyone. Queen Luwoo was said not to spare the menfolk when they offend her or her constituted authority.

She was noted to ride erring men as horses for violating laws. She was a terror to lazy people. After her reign ended, the council of Obas came together and vowed to never make a woman the Ooni of Ife again. While working on this historical piece, My Woven Words came across different online platforms and books that described Ooni Luwo Gbagida as a merciless and harsh queen.

They failed to mention how she was hardworking, just, neat, innovative, efficient, civil and smart. She is known to birth a great king among others; Oluwo Adekola Telu. She started a dynasty that has thrived for centuries.

AbdulRasheed Adewale Akanbi is from her bloodline. Feel Free to Contact me on Anything.September 14, Ife people are ancient, originally spiritual, highly advanced artistic and agriculturalist Yoruboid-speaking people that forms the sub-group of the larger Yoruba people of West Africa, particularly in Nigeria and the Republic of Benin.

The Ife people are "primus inter pares" when it comes the origin and spirituality of Yoruba. They are the first Yoruba people from which all other Yoruba people emerged and dispersed to form other Yoruba sub-groups in the world. This ancient "Yoruba Spiritual Mecca" of a city is surrounded by hills and is about fifty miles Okelola acknowledges that it is hard to establish when the city of Ile-Ife was founded but recognises that Oduduwa was the first King of Ile Ife Kingdom.

Akinjogbin ,Olatunji and Adelogun contrary to Okelola suggests that there were between ninety three to ninety seven kings who reigned at Ile-Ife before Oduduwa led his people to Ile-Ife. This was confirmed by the archeological evidence unearthed in and around Ile-Ife which dated back to B.


C that proves the possibility of human settlement before the advent of Oduduwa Adelogun Oduduwa though credited for the establishment of a centralised state at Ife is suggested to have encountered indigenous people in the region Falola and Heaton, This centralised state formed by Oduduwa has contributed to the Kingdom of Ile-Ife being the strong hold of indigenous worship as well as the spiritual headquarters of the Yoruba Kingdom Lucas Okelola There are suggestions that the present Ife town does not stand upon its original site due to difficulty in establishing a coherent account of the past of Ife CrowderSmith This myth provides the charter for the Yoruba people, providing them with a sense of unity through a common origin Bascom Ile Ife in the Yoruba belief is the oldest of all the Yoruba towns given that it was from Ile Ife that all other towns were founded Krapf-Askari, Blue-green segi beads from Ife have been found as far west as Mali, Mauritania, and modern Ghana, suggesting that Battuta may well have learned of this center in the course of his travels in Mali.

There also appears to be a reference to Ife on a Spanish trade map known as the Catalan Atlas. This can be seen in the name Rey de Organa, i. King of Organa Obayemiassociated with a locale in the central Saharan region.

While the geography is problematic, as was often the case in maps from this era, the name Organa resonates with the title of early Ife rulers, i.

tortoise in ile ife

Ogane Oghene, Ogene; Akinjogbin n. The same title is found in a late fifteenth-century account by the Portuguese seafarer Joao Afonso de Aveiro in Ryderdocumenting Benin traditions about an inland kingdom that played a role in local enthronement rituals.

While the identity of this inland ruler also is debated, Ife seems to be the most likely referent see Thorntonamong others Ife is well known as the city of or deities. It is said that every day of the year the traditional Ifa worshippers celebrate a festival of one of these deities.

Often the festivals extend over more than one day and they involve both priestly activities in the palace and theatrical dramatisations in the rest of the kingdom. The most spectacular festivals demand the King's participation. During the festivals and at other occasions the traditional priests offer prayers for the blessing of their own cult-group, the city of Ile Ife, the Nigerian nation and the whole world.

Ile Ifa Ifa practitioners in a street procession in celebration of the anniversary of the Orisha Obatala festival. In fact, the royal dynasty of Ife traces its origin back to the founding of the city more than two thousand years ago.Tweets by todayng. Easter: Governor Fayemi urges prayers to defeat coronavirus pandemic. Good Friday prayer gets out of hand in locked down Italy.

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